Sustainable Development Goal 1

End poverty in all its forms everywhere

SDG 1 - No Poverty

End poverty in all its forms everywhere.

The Government of the FSM has prioritized six indicators relating to poverty, secure land tenure, disaster risk management and government spending towards essential services in order to achieve the goal of ending poverty in all its forms. 

Target 1.1

By 2030, eradicate extreme poverty for all people everywhere, currently measured as people living on less than $1.25 a day  

Indicator 1.1.1: Proportion of population below the international poverty line, by sex, age, employment status and geographical location (urban/rural)

Metadata for indicator 1.1.1 can be downloaded here

Target 1.2

By 2030, reduce at least by half the proportion of men, women and children of all ages living in poverty in all its dimensions according to national definitions  

Indicator 1.2.1 : Proportion of population living below the national poverty line, by sex and age

Metadata for indicator 1.2.1 can be downloaded here

Indicator 1.2.2: Proportion of men, women and children of all ages living in poverty in all its dimensions according to national definitions

Metadata for indicator 1.2.2 can be downloaded here

Target 1.3

Implement nationally appropriate social protection systems and measures for all, including floors, and by 2030 achieve substantial coverage of the poor and the vulnerable

Indicator 1.3.1: Proportion of population covered by social protection floors/systems, by sex, distinguishing children, unemployed persons, older persons, persons with disabilities, pregnant women, newborns, work-injury victims and the poor and the vulnerable

Metadata for indicator 1.3.1 can be downloaded here

Target 1.4

By 2030, ensure that all men and women, in particular the poor and the vulnerable, have equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to basic services, ownership and control over land and other forms of property, inheritance, natural resources, appropriate new technology and financial services, including microfinance

Indicator 1.4.1: Proportion of population living in households with access to basic services

Metadata for indicator 1.3.1 can be downloaded here

Indicator 1.4.2 : Proportion of total adult population with secure tenure rights to land, with legally recognized documentation and who perceive their rights to land as secure, by sex and by type of tenure

Metadata for indicator 1.3.1 can be downloaded here

Target 1.5

By 2030, build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters

Indicator 1.5.1 : Number of deaths, missing persons and persons affected by disaster per 100,000 people

Metadata for indicator 1.3.1 can be downloaded here

Indicator 1.5.2: Direct disaster economic loss in relation to global gross domestic product (GDP)

Metadata for indicator 1.3.1 can be downloaded here

Indicator 1.5.3 : Number of countries with national and local disaster risk reduction strategiesa

Metadata for indicator 1.3.1 can be downloaded here

Target 1.A

Ensure significant mobilization of resources from a variety of sources, including through enhanced development cooperation, in order to provide adequate and predictable means for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, to implement programmes and policies to end poverty in all its dimensions

Indicator 1.A.1: Proportion of resources allocated by the government directly to poverty reduction programmes

Metadata for indicator 1.3.1 can be downloaded here

Indicator 1.A.2 : Proportion of total government spending on essential services (education, health and social protection)

Metadata for indicator 1.3.1 can be downloaded here

Target 1.B

Create sound policy frameworks at the national, regional and international levels, based on pro-poor and gender-sensitive development strategies, to support accelerated investment in poverty eradication actions

Indicator 1.B.1: Proportion of government recurrent and capital spending to sectors that disproportionately benefit women, the poor and vulnerable groups

Goal 1 Assessment

The Government of the FSM has prioritized six indicators relating to poverty, secure land tenure, disaster risk management and government spending towards essential services in order to achieve the goal of ending poverty in all its forms (SDG Goal 1)

  • 1.2.1: Proportion of population living below the national poverty line, by sex and age Poverty as measured by national basic needs poverty line is a relative measure of hardship. It assesses the basic per capita costs of a minimum standard of living in a particular society, or region within a society, and measures the number of households and proportion of the population that are deemed unable to meet these needs. The data for this indicator is produced by the Division of Statistics within the Resources and Development Department. The national basic needs poverty line is based on the Household Income and Expenditure Survey (HIES) results (available data from 2005 and 2013/14)
  • 1.4.2: Proportion of total adult population with secure tenure rights to land, with legally recognized documentation and who perceive their rights to land as secure, by sex and by type of tenure Land tenure is an important issue in FSM and through the constitution is delegated to the state level. Each state has different rules on who can own land but more importantly land continues to be an issue restraining economic development. Land tenure is a very difficult to measure due to incomplete records; in particular legal documentation in some states’ data. These issues lead to the challenges in compilation of a national level indicator. However, if looked at on a state by state basis some states may be able to produce this indicator.
  • 1.5.1: Number of deaths, missing persons and persons affected by disaster per 100,000 population Affected persons per natural disaster is a tier I indicator that is a priority for the FSM. This indicator is monitored and reported on after each disaster through Disaster Situation Report and Rapid Assessment Reports and data for this indicator collected by Department of Environment, Climate Change and Emergency Management, DECEM
  • 1.5.3: Number of countries with national and local disaster risk reduction strategies Each FSM State has a Joint State Action Plan for Disaster Risk Management and Climate Change. The Kosrae and Yap Reports were published in 2016 and the Chuuk and Pohnpei are being published in 2017. Data for this indicator is produced by Department of Environment, Climate Change and Emergency Management, DECEM
  • 1.a.2: Proportion of total government spending on essential services (education, health and social protection) [Tier III, but proxies could be expenditure on education, health (from data that is readily available in audit reports) and social protection could be derived.]
Progress on Goal 1

Poverty in the FSM still persists with some states more affected than others. Ending poverty in all its forms in the FSM will require targeted measures to including securing land tenure manage disaster risk and increase government spending towards essential services required by the population among others.

  • Incidence of hardship in the Federated States of Micronesia is still high. Based on the 2013/14 HIES, 41.2 percent of the FSM population live below the national basic needs poverty line and the poverty gap index which indicates the extent to which the average adult equivalent expenditures fall short of the poverty lines is estimated at 15.1 percent at the total basic needs poverty line
  • Poverty levels are not uniform in the states. The poverty incidence is higher or more severe in Pohnpei and Chuuk than in Yap and Kosrae but most severe in Chuuk
  • Based on 2005 estimates, the incidence of poverty in FSM Increased in 2013/14 Chuuk, Pohnpei and Yap experienced increase in the poverty incidence while Kosrae had a decline
  • The principal welfare indicator used for the assessment in 2013/14 was total consumption expenditure per adult-equivalent. A household was considered poor if its total consumption expenditure per adult equivalent was below the poverty line. Two poverty lines specified using the Cost of Basic Needs methodology. The food poverty line is the minimum expenditure needed to acquire recommended calorie intake using the food basket actually consumed by the poorer groups (bottom 40%) in the FSM. The total poverty line is computed by adding to the food poverty line with an allowance for essential non-food expenditures. The FSM, in meeting essential both food and non-food basic needs requires on average $US4.34 per day. Separate calculations were made for each State. ( Poverty Profile of the FSM based on the 2013-14 HIES)
  • Indicator 1.a.2: expenditure on education, health and social protection can be calculated from data that is readily available in audit reports
GOAL 1Baseline Trend201620172018201920202021202220232024202520262027202820292030
TARGETSINDICATORS2005-20092010-2015
1.11.1.1 Proportion of population below the international poverty line, by sex, age, employment status and geographical location (urban/rural) FSMn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
YAPn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
CHUUKn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
POHNPEIn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
KOSRAEn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
1.21.2.1 Proportion of population living below the national poverty line FSM29.941.2n.a.n.a.n.a.
YAP19.439.4n.a.n.a.n.a.
CHUUK28.745.5n.a.n.a.n.a.
POHNPEI33.939.2n.a.n.a.n.a.
KOSRAE34.521n.a.n.a.n.a.
1.51.5.3 Countries/States which has national and local disaster risk reduction strategies FSMYES-n.a.n.a.n.a.
YAPYES-n.a.n.a.n.a.
CHUUKYES -n.a.n.a.n.a.
POHNPEIYES -n.a.n.a.n.a.
KOSRAEYES-n.a.n.a.n.a.
1.A1.A.2 Proportion of total government spending on essential services (education, health and social protection) FSM13.1
16.5n.a.n.a.n.a.
YAP67.157.1n.a.n.a.n.a.
CHUUK71.369.1n.a.n.a.n.a.
POHNPEI58.459.2n.a.n.a.n.a.
KOSRAE16.560.2 n.a.n.a.n.a.