Sustainable Development Goal 11

Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable

SDG 11 - Sustainable Cities and Communities

Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable

The Government of the FSM has prioritized six indicators including disaster risk reduction, response and management, urban settlements, protection and preservation of natural heritage and protection from sexual violence to make its cities and human settlements inclusive, safe and resilient and sustainable (SDG Goal 11).

Target 11.1

By 2030, ensure access for all to adequate, safe and affordable housing and basic services and upgrade slums

Indicator 11.1.1: Proportion of urban population living in slums, informal settlements or inadequate housing

Metadata for indicator 11.1.1 can be downloaded here

Target 11.2

By 2030, provide access to safe, affordable, accessible and sustainable transport systems for all, improving road safety, notably by expanding public transport, with special attention to the needs of those in vulnerable situations, women, children, persons with disabilities and older persons

Indicator 11.2.1: Proportion of population that has convenient access to public transport, by sex, age and persons with disabilities

Metadata for indicator 11.2.1 can be downloaded here

Target 11.3

By 2030, enhance inclusive and sustainable urbanization and capacity for participatory, integrated and sustainable human settlement planning and management in all countries

Indicator 11.3.1: Ratio of land consumption rate to population growth rate

Metadata for indicator 11.3.1 can be downloaded here

Indicator 11.3.2: Proportion of cities with a direct participation structure of civil society in urban planning and management that operate regularly and democratically

Metadata for indicator 11.3.2 can be downloaded here

Target 11.4

Strengthen efforts to protect and safeguard the world's cultural and natural heritage

Indicator 11.4.1: Total expenditure (public and private) per capita spent on the preservation, protection and conservation of all cultural and natural heritage, by type of heritage (cultural, natural, mixed and World Heritage Centre designation), level of government (national, regional and local/municipal), type of expenditure (operating expenditure/investment) and type of private funding (donations in kind, private non-profit sector and sponsorship)

Target 11.5

By 2030, significantly reduce the number of deaths and the number of people affected and substantially decrease the direct economic losses relative to global gross domestic product caused by disasters, including water-related disasters, with a focus on protecting the poor and people in vulnerable situations

Indicator 11.5.1: Number of deaths, missing persons and directly affected persons attributed to disasters per 100,000 population

Metadata for indicator 11.5.1 can be downloaded here

Indicator 11.5.2: Direct economic loss in relation to global GDP, damage to critical infrastructure and number of disruptions to basic services, attributed to disasters

Metadata for indicator 11.5.2 can be downloaded here

Target 11.6

By 2030, reduce the adverse per capita environmental impact of cities, including by paying special attention to air quality and municipal and other waste management

Indicator 11.6.1: Proportion of urban solid waste regularly collected and with adequate final discharge out of total urban solid waste generated, by cities

Metadata for indicator 11.6.1 can be downloaded here

Indicator 11.6.2: Annual mean levels of fine particulate matter (e.g. PM2.5 and PM10) in cities (population weighted)

Metadata for indicator 11.6.2 can be downloaded here

Target 11.7

By 2030, provide universal access to safe, inclusive and accessible, green and public spaces, in particular for women and children, older persons and persons with disabilities

Indicator 11.7.1: Average share of the built-up area of cities that is open space for public use for all, by sex, age and persons with disabilities

Metadata for indicator 11.7.1 can be downloaded here

Indicator 10.7.2: Proportion of persons victim of physical or sexual harassment, by sex, age, disability status and place of occurrence, in the previous 12 months

Target 11.A

Support positive economic, social and environmental links between urban, peri-urban and rural areas by strengthening national and regional development planning

Indicator 11.A.1: Proportion of population living in cities that implement urban and regional development plans integrating population projections and resource needs, by size of city

Target 11.B

By 2020, substantially increase the number of cities and human settlements adopting and implementing integrated policies and plans towards inclusion, resource efficiency, mitigation and adaptation to climate change, resilience to disasters, and develop and implement, in line with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, holistic disaster risk management at all levels

Indicator 11.B.1: Number of countries that adopt and implement national disaster risk reduction strategies in line with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030

Metadata for indicator 11.B.1 can be downloaded here

Indicator 11.B.1: Proportion of local governments that adopt and implement local disaster risk reduction strategies in line with national disaster risk reduction strategies

Metadata for indicator 11.B.1 can be downloaded here

Target 11.C

Support least developed countries, including through financial and technical assistance, in building sustainable and resilient buildings utilizing local materials

Indicator 11.C.1: Proportion of financial support to the least developed countries that is allocated to the construction and retrofitting of sustainable, resilient and resource-efficient buildings utilizing local materials

Metadata for indicator 10.C.1 can be downloaded here

Goal 11 Assessment

The Government of the FSM has prioritized six indicators including disaster risk reduction, response and management, urban settlements, protection and preservation of natural heritage and protection from sexual violence to make its cities and human settlements inclusive, safe and resilient and sustainable (SDG Goal 11).

  • In July 2017, the NSO released the Environment Statistics and System of Environment Economic Accounting National Assessment Report. The purpose of the report was to define a way forward for environment statistics and environmental economic accounting in the FSM. It provides a foundation for initiating statistical development towards improving decisions related to sustainable development and green economy. The SDP identified nine strategic goals for improving the environment of FSM. This included mainstreaming environmental considerations, including climate change, in national policy and planning; improving the human environment; reducing energy use; making natural resources accessible; protecting natural marine, freshwater, and terrestrial ecosystems; improving environmental awareness and education; effective bio security; sustainable financing for the environment; and enhancing technical capacity to support environmental programs.
  • FSM uses their State of Environment to report on the status of the environment. However, there is a recognized need to significantly improve the data and indicators in this report.
  • Across environmental sectors, basic data is being compiled by many sectoral areas within the DR&D and also in the DECEM. However, there is scope for ensuring the consistent and reliable collection and production of environment statistics through consolidation of roles and responsibilities. Additionally, there is a lack of a central data repository for environment and GIS data.
  • There is a high level of interest in improving and better utilizing environment statistics in FSM. In particular, priority sectors for improved environmental data collection include: agriculture, forestry, marine and coastal resources, ecosystems and biodiversity, food security, water, energy, waste, climate change and land management.
  • The Report recommended that the FSM Sustainable Development Council (SDC) could assume responsibility for guiding the implementation of all environment statistics related activities as part of its TOR. The NSO could take the lead for compiling environment statistics, and provide technical support to the SDC to help guide decisions. Discussions with the Secretariat of the SDC suggest that they do not see themselves as having any role in overseeing statistics for the sector but rather they expect papers that come to them to be based on sound statistics for policy making.
  • 11.1.1: Proportion of urban population living in slums, informal settlements or inadequate housing Information on access to improved water source, sanitation facilities and security of tenure is available from HIES and Census. Some information on informal settlements can be collected court of land tenure. This indicator is not currently being compiled.
  • 11.4.1: Total expenditure (public and private) per capita spent on the preservation protection and conservation of all cultural and natural heritage, by type of heritage (cultural, natural, mixed and World Heritage Centre designation), level of government (national, regional and local/municipal), type of expenditure (operating expenditure/investment) and type of private funding (donations in kind, private non-profit sector and sponsorship) This is of interest to FSM, especially with recent World Heritage classification for Nan Madol. There could be an attempt to determine total expenditure, but outside of government amounts would be more difficult to collect, this indicator is still in Tier III
  • 11.5.1: Number of deaths, missing persons and persons affected by disaster per 100,000 people Each natural disaster is recorded and analyzed in an Analysis Report and Rapid Assessment Report followed by a Damage Assessment Report
  • 11.5.2: Direct disaster economic loss in relation to global GDP, including disaster damage to critical infrastructure and disruption of basic services Refer to Damage Assessment Report
  • 11.6.1: Proportion of urban solid waste regularly collected and with adequate final discharge out of total urban solid waste generated, by cities This is important for FSM in urban areas, estimating the total amount of solid waste generated will be the challenge. Information on amount of recycling is available
  • 11.7.2: Proportion of persons victim of physical or sexual harassment, by sex, age, disability status and place of occurrence, in the previous 12 months Important but difficult to collect as reluctance to report/DOJ has new HT division with assistant secretary position heading it
  • 11.b.2: Number of countries with national and local disaster risk reduction strategies National Government has in place a Nationwide Disaster Risk Management and Climate Change Policy, while the State Governments are implementing the Joint State Action Plans for Disaster Risk Management and Climate Change
Progress on Goal 11
  • According to data from 2015, the number of deaths, missing persons and persons affected by disaster per 100,000 was 7,534.
  • Disaster risk reduction strategies are in place in the FSM. In 2016, the states of Chuuk, Kosrae, Yap and Pohnpei developed local disaster risk reduction strategies.
  • In order to understand the current generation and discharge of waste, there is a need to examine the waste flow in each of the states. Each state's waste flow has confirmed that most of the waste generated comes from household and the remaining comes from businesses, offices, and other areas of society. Most of the generated waste is discharged properly at the designated landfills or dumpsites in each state. Each state has maintained a type of landfill system. Additionally, in the States of Yap and Kosrae, a fair percentage of generated waste is recycled as part of their Container Deposit Legislation scheme.
  • The following table captures the household waste generation rates across the four states (JAWARE 2011)
  • wdt_ID Yap Chuuk Pohnpei Kosrae
    1 0.5kg per day, comprising over 37% of plastic and 20% organic 0.2kg per day, comprising over 33% organic and over 22% plastic; 0.1kg per day, comprising approximately 25% plastic and 25% metal, 0.1kg per day, comprising 26% organic and 20% plastic
GOAL 11BaselineTrend201620172018201920202021202220232024202520262027202820292030
TARGETSINDICATORS2005-20092010-2015
11.111.1.1 Proportion of urban population living in slums, informal settlements or inadequate housingFSMn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
YAPn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
CHUUKn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
POHNPEIn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
KOSRAEn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
11.511.5.1 Number of deaths, missing persons and directly affected persons attributed to disasters per 100,000 populationFSM0.0017534n.a.n.a.n.a.
YAPn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
CHUUKn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
POHNPEIn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
KOSRAEn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
11.611.6.1 Proportion of urban solid waste regularly collected and with adequate final discharge out of total urban solid waste generated, by citiesFSMn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
YAPn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
CHUUKn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
POHNPEIn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
KOSRAEn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
11.B11.B.2 Proportion of local governments that adopt and implement local disaster risk reduction strategies in line with national disaster risk reduction strategiesFSMn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
YAPn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
CHUUKn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
POHNPEIn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
KOSRAEn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.