Sustainable Development Goal 12

Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns

SDG 12 - Responsible Consumption and Production

Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns

The Government of the FSM has prioritized five indicators for sustainable consumption and production patterns (SDG Goal 12)

Target 12.1

Implement the 10-Year Framework of Programmes on Sustainable Consumption and Production Patterns, all countries taking action, with developed countries taking the lead, taking into account the development and capabilities of developing countries

Indicator 12.1.1: Number of countries with sustainable consumption and production (SCP) national action plans or SCP mainstreamed as a priority or a target into national policies

Metadata for indicator 12.1.1 can be downloaded here

Target 12.2

By 2030, achieve the sustainable management and efficient use of natural resources

Indicator 12.2.1: Material footprint, material footprint per capita, and material footprint per GDP

Metadata for indicator 12.2.1 can be downloaded here

Indicator 12.2.2: Domestic material consumption, domestic material consumption per capita, and domestic material consumption per GDP

Metadata for indicator 12.2.2 can be downloaded here

Target 12.3

By 2030, halve per capita global food waste at the retail and consumer levels and reduce food losses along production and supply chains, including post-harvest losses

Indicator 12.3.1: Global food loss index

Target 12.4

By 2020, achieve the environmentally sound management of chemicals and all wastes throughout their life cycle, in accordance with agreed international frameworks, and significantly reduce their release to air, water and soil in order to minimize their adverse impacts on human health and the environmente

Indicator 12.4.1: Number of parties to international multilateral environmental agreements on hazardous waste, and other chemicals that meet their commitments and obligations in transmitting information as required by each relevant agreement

Metadata for indicator 12.4.1 can be downloaded here

Indicator 12.4.2: Hazardous waste generated per capita and proportion of hazardous waste treated, by type of treatment

Target 12.5

By 2030, substantially reduce waste generation through prevention, reduction, recycling and reuse

Indicator 12.5.1: National recycling rate, tons of material recycled

Target 12.6

Encourage companies, especially large and transnational companies, to adopt sustainable practices and to integrate sustainability information into their reporting cycle

Indicator 12.6.1: Number of companies publishing sustainability reports

Target 12.7

Promote public procurement practices that are sustainable, in accordance with national policies and priorities

Indicator 12.7.1: Number of countries implementing sustainable public procurement policies and action plans No data for this indicator is currently available and its methodology is still under development, please see Tier III Work

Target 12.8

By 2030, ensure that people everywhere have the relevant information and awareness for sustainable development and lifestyles in harmony with nature

Indicator 12.8.1: Extent to which (i) global citizenship education and (ii) education for sustainable development (including climate change education) are mainstreamed in (a) national education policies; (b) curricula; (c) teacher education; and (d) student assessment

Target 12.A

Support developing countries to strengthen their scientific and technological capacity to move towards more sustainable patterns of consumption and production

Indicator 12.A.1: Amount of support to developing countries on research and development for sustainable consumption and production and environmentally sound technologies

Target 12.B

Develop and implement tools to monitor sustainable development impacts for sustainable tourism that creates jobs and promotes local culture and products

Indicator 12.B.1: Number of sustainable tourism strategies or policies and implemented action plans with agreed monitoring and evaluation tools

Target 12.C

Rationalize inefficient fossil-fuel subsidies that encourage wasteful consumption by removing market distortions, in accordance with national circumstances, including by restructuring taxation and phasing out those harmful subsidies, where they exist, to reflect their environmental impacts, taking fully into account the specific needs and conditions of developing countries and minimizing the possible adverse impacts on their development in a manner that protects the poor and the affected communities

Indicator 12.C.1: Amount of fossil-fuel subsidies per unit of GDP (production and consumption) and as a proportion of total national expenditure on fossil fuels

Metadata for indicator 12.C.1 can be downloaded here

Goal 12 Assessment

The Government of the FSM has prioritized five indicators for sustainable consumption and production patterns (SDG Goal 12)

  • The Multi-State Multi-Hazard Mitigation Plan for the Federated States of Micronesia, prepared in 2005 in compliance with FEMA regulations, is the main statutory item dealing specifically with the issue of disaster risk reduction. This is a comprehensive plan with a high level of detail and contains national and state level mitigation plans for all hazards.
  • 12.4.1: Number of parties to international multilateral environmental agreements on hazardous waste, and other chemicals that meet their commitments and obligations in transmitting information as required by each relevant agreement (FSM is a party to four ( 2 international; 2 regional) agreements on hazardous waste: Basel, Waigani, Stockholm, and Noumea.)
  • 12.4.2: Hazardous waste generated per capita and proportion of hazardous waste treated, by type of treatment About 1.0 million tonnes of hazardous waste is generated every year across the four FSM states (DECEM).
  • 12.5.1: National recycling rate, tons of material recycled The National recycling rate cannot be determined at this time.
  • 12.8.1: Extent to which (i) global citizenship education and (ii) education for sustainable development (including climate change education) are mainstreamed in (a) national education policies; (b) curricula; (c) teacher education; and (d) student assessment (Environment and Climate Change Curriculum Standards and Benchmarks are applied in the elementary, high school, and college curriculum across the four states and national college)
  • 12.B.1: Number of sustainable tourism strategies or policies and implemented action plans with agreed monitoring and evaluation tools FSM National Tourism Policy
Progress on Goal 12
  • Currently, FSM is a party to the following conventions and continues to meet their obligations:
  • Stockholm Convention - a treaty aimed to protect human health from POPs (Persistent organic pollutants) -international treaty
  • FSM is updating its National Implementation Plan (NIP) after Congress passed a resolution to ratify amendments for COP 4, 5, and 6, and is planning to ratify amendments for COP 7, 8, and 9 as part of its obligation under the convention. In 2013 and 2014, a Chemical and Laboratory Inventory and a Chemical Stockpile Survey were carried out through the coordination between FSM OEEM and the State EPAs/KIRMA. In 2016, a Chemical Management Training was conducted, and brought together relevant officials and officers from the various departments, offices, agencies, and NGOs to become more aware of the impacts of chemicals and propose solutions to combat them. The states of Kosrae and Yap have existing hazardous waste programs and regulations, while the FSM National government is mandated to provide primary regulatory oversight on toxic wastes through Section 2 of Article 13 of the FSM Constitution
  • Basel Convention - a treaty aimed to regulate the transboundary movement of hazardous waste international treaty)
  • FSM has implemented a regulation on transboundary movement of hazardous waste and remains to be in compliance with Basel requirements of environmentally sound management of wastes across international waters. The States of Yap and Kosrae have been exporting ULABs to Korea for awhile now following the Basel procedures.
  • Waigani Convention - a treaty aimed to ban exporting of hazardous or radioactive waste to Pacific Island Countries (regional treaty)
GOAL 12BaselineTrend201620172018201920202021202220232024202520262027202820292030
TARGETSINDICATORS2005-20092010-2015
12.412.4.1 Number of parties to international multilateral environmental agreements on hazardous waste, and other chemicals that meet their commitments and obligations in transmitting information as required by each relevant agreementFSMn.a.1-n.a.n.a.n.a.
YAPn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
CHUUKn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
POHNPEIn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
KOSRAEn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
12.412.4.2 Hazardous waste generated per capita and proportion of hazardous waste treated, by type of treatmentFSMn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
YAPn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
CHUUKn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
POHNPEIn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
KOSRAEn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
12.512.5.1 National recycling rate, tons of material recycled FSMn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
YAPn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
CHUUKn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
POHNPEIn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
KOSRAEn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.