Sustainable Development Goal 14

Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development

SDG 14 - Life Below Water

Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development

The Government of the FSM has prioritized four indicators under SDG Goal 14 Fisheries is a key sector in FSM both for economic development and subsistence livelihoods. There is a recognized need for better information for making decisions related to regulating catch and for assessing the economic benefits of fisheries. The National Oceanic Resource Management Authority (NORMA) has strong information management system for the EEZ and is currently improving the information management system for the coastal waters, including artisan fisheries. This information could be used to compile fish accounts that provide an annual picture of the flows and stocks of fish by species.

Target 14.1

By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution

Indicator 14.1.1: Index of coastal eutrophication and floating plastic debris density

Target 14.2

By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans

Indicator 14.2.1: Proportion of national exclusive economic zones managed using ecosystem-based approaches

Target 14.3

Minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels

Indicator 14.3.1: Average marine acidity (pH) measured at agreed suite of representative sampling stations

Metadata for indicator 14.3.1 can be downloaded here

Target 14.4

By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics

Indicator 14.4.1: Proportion of fish stocks within biologically sustainable levels

Metadata for indicator 14.4.1 can be downloaded here

Target 14.5

By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information

Indicator 14.5.1: Coverage of protected areas in relation to marine areas

Metadata for indicator 14.5.1 can be downloaded here

Target 14.6

By 2020, prohibit certain forms of fisheries subsidies which contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, eliminate subsidies that contribute to illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and refrain from introducing new such subsidies, recognizing that appropriate and effective special and differential treatment for developing and least developed countries should be an integral part of the World Trade Organization fisheries subsidies negotiation [c]

Indicator 14.6.1: Progress by countries in the degree of implementation of international instruments aiming to combat illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing

Metadata for indicator 14.6.1 can be downloaded here

Target 14.7

By 2030, increase the economic benefits to small island developing States and least developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism

Indicator 14.7.1: Sustainable fisheries as a proportion of GDP in small island developing States, least developed countries and all countries

Metadata for indicator 14.7.1 can be downloaded here

Target 14.A

Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries

Indicator 14.A.1: Proportion of total research budget allocated to research in the field of marine technology

Metadata for indicator 14.A.1 can be downloaded here

Target 14.B

Provide access for small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets

Indicator 14.B.1: Progress by countries in the degree of application of a legal/regulatory/policy/institutional framework which recognizes and protects access rights for small-scale fisheries

Metadata for indicator 14.B.1 can be downloaded here

Target 14.C

Enhance the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources by implementing international law as reflected in the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, which provides the legal framework for the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources, as recalled in paragraph 158 of "The future we want"

Indicator 14.C.1: Number of countries making progress in ratifying, accepting and implementing through legal, policy and institutional frameworks, ocean-related instruments that implement international law, as reflected in the United Nation Convention on the Law of the Sea, for the conservation and sustainable use of the oceans and their resources

Goal 14 Assessment

The Government of the FSM has prioritized four indicators under SDG Goal 14 Fisheries is a key sector in FSM both for economic development and subsistence livelihoods. There is a recognized need for better information for making decisions related to regulating catch and for assessing the economic benefits of fisheries. The National Oceanic Resource Management Authority (NORMA) has strong information management system for the EEZ and is currently improving the information management system for the coastal waters, including artisan fisheries. This information could be used to compile fish accounts that provide an annual picture of the flows and stocks of fish by species.

  • The Fisheries Division of DR&D has statistical focus is on inshore marine fish and invertebrate species, with data collection undertaken by state monitoring teams consisting of government, NGOs and community representatives.
  • Ongoing collection of data with observers on vessels (100% presence on purse seine; 15% on long-lines) and through satellite tracking of fishing boats; focus on real-time data management, related to anything to do with TUNA catch. Observers working with tablets, allowing direct data input into NORMA Management information system: catch, weight, species, who catches ….; data also collected on licensing fees.
  • In 2016 the FSM expanded its no commercial fishing zone from 12 to 24 miles (Public Law 19-167).
  • A public law created a new subtitle II of title 24 of the Code to establish the National Seabed Resources Authority of the FSM, provide for the powers, duties, and responsibilities of the Authority, set out the standards of sustainable management of seabed resources, require the promulgation of regulation governing permits and licenses relevant to marine scientific research, prospecting, exploration and mining activities.
  • The Pacific Regional Oceanscape Program project funded by the World Bank aims to help FSM sustainably increase the benefits from FSM’s ocean resources. As part of this project a nation-wide coastal fisheries assessment commissioned to guide the planning and development of a potential coastal fisheries project. A survey was conducted over a period of one year, and it included the following activities:
  • Review and situational analysis on existing biological and socio-economic data and reports of FSM’s coastal fisheries
  • Identification of the coastal fishery value chains in each state targeted for support, and selection of initial sites
  • Identification of the activities (or types of activities eligible) to be financed in a coastal fisheries project across the sites identified
  • Click here for the Pacific Regional Oceanscape Program project survey result.
  • The Micronesia Challenge (MC) s a regional initiative launched in 2006 to effectively conserve 30% of near-shore marine resources, and 20% of terrestrial resources across Micronesia by 2020.
  • The MC Measures group works to track progress of MC indicators by drafting ‘scorecards’, monitoring marine and terrestrial areas, and surveying the human dimension of the MC through socio-economic monitoring. However, most programs are at a community level rather than state or national and therefore reporting is project specific.
  • The Enhancing Sustainable Coral Reef Monitoring and Management Capacity for the Micronesia Challenge, programs include centralizing storage of all past and present data into the online, standardized MC database.
  • The Implementing Protected Area Networks and Improving Fisheries Management in Micronesia program objectives include: The expansion of no commercial fishing zone for the FSM, the establishment of PAN legislation and associated regulations in FSM, the establishment of PAN funds in FSM, and the establishment of sustainable financing mechanisms for the PANs in FSM. Highlights from 2016:
  • The President attended the Oceans Summit in Washington in September 2016 where he announced FSM’s 2016 Oceans Commitment to add 184,948 square kilometers to the FSM’s no commercial fishing zone which is equivalent to 24 nautical miles
  • Kosrae State legislature passed the 12-mile extension resolution at its 9th special legislative session in September 2016.
  • Chuuk State legislature passed Chuuk’s Coastal Fisheries Act
  • Chuuk State Legislature passed Chuuk’s PAN bill
  • Draft PAN bill for Yap was revised and submitted to Yap State Governor for consideration
  • The “FSM for 10%” campaign has ensured the protection of a large span of the FSM’s marine environment and shows significant political will on the part of the government.
  • 14.5.1: Coverage of protected areas in relation to marine areas The Micronesia Challenge sets a target of 30% of near-shore marine areas by 2020.
  • 14.6.1: Progress by countries in the degree of implementation of international instruments aiming to combat illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing Member of Parties to the Nauru Agreement , Western Pacific Tuna Commission & Pacific Forum Fisheries Agencies
  • 14.B.1: Progress by countries in the degree of application of a legal/regulatory/policy/ institutional framework which recognizes and protects access rights for small scale fisheries In 2016 the FSM expanded its no commercial fishing zone from 12 to 24 miles (FSM Public Law 19-167).
  • 14.C.1: Number of countries making progress in ratifying, accepting and implementing through legal, policy and institutional frameworks, ocean-related instruments that implement international law, as reflected in the United Nation Convention on the Law of the Sea, for the conservation and sustainable use of the oceans and their resources FSM has acceded to the UN Convention to the Law of the Sea
Progress on Goal 14

Coverage of protected areas in relation to Marine areas

GOAL 14BaselineTrend201620172018201920202021202220232024202520262027202820292030
TARGETSINDICATORS2005-20092010-2015
14.414.4.1 Proportion of fish stocks within biologically sustainable levelsFSM**-n.a.n.a.n.a.
YAPn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
CHUUKn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
POHNPEIn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
KOSRAEn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
14.514.5.1 Coverage of protected areas in relation to marine areasFSM6n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
YAP10n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
CHUUK2n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
POHNPEI27n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
KOSRAE3n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
14.614.6.1 Progress by countries in the degree of implementation of international instruments aiming to combat illegal, unreported and unregulated fishingFSMn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
YAPn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
CHUUKn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
POHNPEIn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
KOSRAEn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
14.C14.C.1 Number of countries making progress in ratifying, accepting and implementing through legal, policy and institutional frameworks, ocean-related instruments that implement international law, as reflected in the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, for the conservation and sustainable use of the oceans and their resourcesFSMn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
YAPn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
CHUUKn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
POHNPEIn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
KOSRAEn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.