Sustainable Development Goal 2

End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture

SDG 2 - Zero Hunger

End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture

The Government of the FSM has prioritized indicators related to food poverty, stunting, underweight children and malnutrition, as well as official flows to agriculture, income of small scale producers, agricultural area under productive and sustainable agriculture and plant and animal genetic resources for food and agriculture 

Target 2.1

By 2030, end hunger and ensure access by all people, in particular the poor and people in vulnerable situations, including infants, to safe, nutritious and sufficient food all year round

Indicator 2.1.1: Prevalence of undernourishment

Metadata for indicator 2.1.1 can be downloaded here

Indicator 2.1.2: Prevalence of moderate or severe food insecurity in the population, based on the Food

Metadata for indicator 2.1.1 can be downloaded here

Target 2.2

By 2030, end all forms of malnutrition, including achieving, by 2025, the internationally agreed targets on stunting and wasting in children under 5 years of age, and address the nutritional needs of adolescent girls, pregnant and lactating women and older persons

Indicator 2.2.1: Prevalence of stunting (height for age <-2 standard deviation from the median of the World Health Organization (WHO) Child Growth Standards) among children under 5 years of age

Metadata for indicator 2.2.1 can be downloaded here

Indicator 2.2.2: Prevalence of malnutrition (weight for height >+2 or <-2 standard deviation from the median of the WHO Child Growth Standards) among children under 5 years of age, by type (wasting and overweight)

Metadata for indicator 2.2.2 can be downloaded here

Target 2.3

By 2030, double the agricultural productivity and incomes of small-scale food producers, in particular women, indigenous peoples, family farmers, pastoralists and fishers, including through secure and equal access to land, other productive resources and inputs, knowledge, financial services, markets and opportunities for value addition and non-farm employment

Indicator 2.3.1: Volume of production per labour unit by classes of farming/pastoral/forestry enterprise size

Metadata for indicator 2.3.1 can be downloaded here

Indicator 2.3.2: Average income of small-scale food producers, by sex and indigenous status

Metadata for indicator 2.3.2 can be downloaded here

Target 2.4

By 2030, ensure sustainable food production systems and implement resilient agricultural practices that increase productivity and production, that help maintain ecosystems, that strengthen capacity for adaptation to climate change, extreme weather, drought, flooding and other disasters and that progressively improve land and soil quality

Indicator 2.4.1: Proportion of agricultural area under productive and sustainable agriculture

Metadata for indicator 2.4.1 can be downloaded here

Target 2.5

By 2020, maintain the genetic diversity of seeds, cultivated plants and farmed and domesticated animals and their related wild species, including through soundly managed and diversified seed and plant banks at the national, regional and international levels, and promote access to and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge, as internationally agreed

Indicator 2.5.1: Number of plant and animal genetic resources for food and agriculture secured in either medium or long-term conservation facilities

Metadata for indicator 2.5.1 can be downloaded here

Indicator 2.5.2: Proportion of local breeds classified as being at risk, not-at-risk or at unknown level of risk of extinction

Metadata for indicator 2.5.2 can be downloaded here

Target 2.A

Increase investment, including through enhanced international cooperation, in rural infrastructure, agricultural research and extension services, technology development and plant and livestock gene banks in order to enhance agricultural productive capacity in developing countries, in particular least developed countries

Indicator 2.A.1: The agriculture orientation index for government expenditures

Metadata for indicator 2.A.1 can be downloaded here

Indicator 2.A.2: Total official flows (official development assistance plus other official flows) to the agriculture sector

Metadata for indicator 2.A.2 can be downloaded here

Target 2.B

Correct and prevent trade restrictions and distortions in world

Indicator 2.B.1: Agricultural export subsidies

Metadata for indicator 2.B.1 can be downloaded here

Target 2.C

Adopt measures to ensure the proper functioning of food commodity markets and their derivatives and facilitate timely access to market information, including on food reserves, in order to help limit extreme food price volatility

Indicator 2.C.1: Indicator of food price anomalies

Metadata for indicator 2.C.1 can be downloaded here

Goal 2 Assessment

The Government of the FSM has prioritized indicators related to food poverty, stunting, underweight children and malnutrition, as well as official flows to agriculture, income of small scale producers, agricultural area under productive and sustainable agriculture and plant and animal genetic resources for food and agriculture secured as follows:

  • Prevalence of Food Poverty (Proxy for 2.1.1) The Food & Agriculture Organization (FAO) calculates indicator 2.1.1, prevalence of undernourishment, however, the FSM is one of a small number of countries where no data exists. On the other hand, as noted in the poverty section above, the FSM calculated a food poverty line from the HIES 2013/14 and this is recommended as a proxy. The FSM, in meeting essential caloric needs requires an average of $US1.84 per adult per day.
  • 2.2.1: Prevalence of stunting (height for age <-2 standard deviation from the median of the World Health Organization (WHO) Child Growth Standards) among children under 5 years of age The FSM is interested will test whether it can extract from the Health Information System. However, for the outer islands there is concern that complete data may not be available, especially on outer islands without a dispensary or nurse Underweight Children under the age of 5 (Proxy) The data for this indicator is maintained in the Health Information System
  • 2.2.2: Prevalence of malnutrition (weight for height >+2 or <-2 standard deviation from the median of the WHO Child Growth Standards) among children under 5 years of age, by type (wasting and overweight) The FSM government will test whether it can extract from the Health Information System. However, for the outer islands there is concern that complete data may not be available, especially on islands without a dispensary or nurse
  • 2.3.2: Average income of small-scale food producers, by sex and indigenous status Each FSM State has a Joint State Action Plan for Disaster Risk Management and Climate Change. The Kosrae and Yap Reports were published in 2016 and the Chuuk and Pohnpei are being published in 2017. Data for this indicator is produced by Department of Environment, Climate Change and Emergency Management, DECEM
  • 2.4.1: Proportion of agricultural area under productive and sustainable agriculture Area of agriculture land under productive and sustainable agriculture will be benchmarked from the 2016 Agriculture census. However, this is an expensive exercise which is unlikely to be repeated in the next 10 years. Thus, the FSM will rely on FAO assistance to update this indicator through surveys or other methods in the future.
  • 2.5.1: Number of plant and animal genetic resources for food and agriculture secured in either medium or long-term conservation facilities NBSAP covers genetic diversity of plants and animals & related JSAPS address the issues State by State
  • 2.a.2: Total official flows (official development assistance plus other official flows) to the agriculture sector The new Overseas Development Assistance (ODA) database will be able to produce the base data indicator 2.a.2, amount of official assistance provided to the agriculture sector. This database will only be available from 2015 but the database will be online and allow for calculation of this indicator. This will need to be supplemented with government audit report data. Expected to be very low, not currently calculated, note data is available only from 2015 onwards as the new ODA database does not capture historical information
  • This assessment is derived from The Assessment of the availability , analysis and utilization of data on the Sustainable Development goal indicators(2017)
Progress on Goal 2

Progress has been made in reducing food poverty in the FSM.

  • According to the HIES 2013-14, the proportion of population in FSM experiencing Food poverty has declined with only one out of 10 people compared to in the FSM lives below the food poverty line which is calculated at $US1.84 per adult per day[ Poverty Profile of the Federated States of Micronesia Based On The 2013-14 Household Income And Expenditure Survey]. However, compared to 2005, states like Chuuk and Yap experienced increase in food poverty while Pohnpei and Kosrae experienced significant declines.
  • The proportion of underweight children is estimated at 15 according to the HIES 2013-14.
  • Food water security with Green Climate Fund is moving forward
  • Source: FSM HIES 2013/14 Main Analysis Report
    Poverty Profile of the Federated States of Micronesia Based On The 2013-14 Household Income And Expenditure Survey
GOAL 2 Baseline Trend201620172018201920202021202220232024202520262027202820292030
TARGETSINDICATORS2005-20092010-2015
2.12.1.1 Prevalence of Food Poverty (Proxy) FSM11.09.9
n.a.n.a.n.a.
YAP4.010
n.a.n.a.n.a.
CHUUK12.210.6
n.a.n.a.n.a.
POHNPEI10.92.6
n.a.n.a.n.a.
KOSRAE8.80
n.a.n.a.n.a.
2.22.2.1 Underweight Children under the age of 5 (Proxy)FSMn.a.15-n.a.n.a.n.a.
YAPn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
CHUUKn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
POHNPEIn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
KOSRAEn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
2.42.4.1 Proportion of agricultural area under productive and sustainable agriculture FSMn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
YAPn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
CHUUKn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
POHNPEIn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
KOSRAEn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
2.A2.A.1 The agriculture orientation index for government expendituresFSMn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
YAPn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
CHUUKn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
POHNPEIn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
KOSRAEn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.