Sustainable Development Goal 5

Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls

SDG 5 - Gender Equality

Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls

The Government of the FSM has prioritized 6 indicators to achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls(SDG Goal 5).The FSM Government has recognized the need to improve the status of women as evidenced by its actions in: Ratifying the International Convention on the Rights of the Child (1993); Adopting the Pacific Platform for Action on Women (1994); Adopting the Cairo Platform for Action on Population and Development (1994); Adopting the Global Platform for Action on Women (Beijing, 1995); Ratifying the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (2003); Adopting the Pacific Leaders Gender Equality Declaration (2012) and Endorsing the FSM Gender Policy in 2018.

Target 5.1

End all forms of discrimination against all women and girls everywhere

Indicator 5.1.1: Whether or not legal frameworks are in place to promote, enforce and monitor equality and non‑discrimination on the basis of sex

Metadata for indicator 5.1.1 can be downloaded here

Target 5.2

Eliminate all forms of violence against all women and girls in the public and private spheres, including trafficking and sexual and other types of exploitation

Indicator 5.2.1 :Proportion of ever-partnered women and girls aged 15 years and older subjected to physical, sexual or psychological violence by a current or former intimate partner in the previous 12 months, by form of violence and by age

Metadata for indicator 5.2.1 can be downloaded here

Indicator 5.2.2: Proportion of women and girls aged 15 years and older subjected to sexual violence by persons other than an intimate partner in the previous 12 months, by age and place of occurrence

Metadata for indicator 5.2.2 can be downloaded here

Target 5.3

Eliminate all harmful practices, such as child, early and forced marriage and female genital mutilation

Indicator 5.3.1: Proportion of women aged 20-24 years who were married or in a union before age 15 and before age 18

Metadata for indicator 5.3.1 can be downloaded here

Indicator 5.3.2: Proportion of girls and women aged 15-49 years who have undergone female genital mutilation/cutting, by age

Metadata for indicator 5.3.2 can be downloaded here

Target 5.4

Recognize and value unpaid care and domestic work through the provision of public services, infrastructure and social protection policies and the promotion of shared responsibility within the household and the family as nationally appropriate

Indicator 5.4.1: Proportion of time spent on unpaid domestic and care work, by sex, age and location

Metadata for indicator 5.4.1 can be downloaded here

Target 5.5

Ensure women's full and effective participation and equal opportunities for leadership at all levels of decision-making in political, economic and public life

Indicator 5.5.1: Proportion of seats held by women in (a) national parliaments and (b) local governments

Metadata for indicator 5.5.1 can be downloaded here

Indicator 5.5.2: Proportion of women in managerial positions

Metadata for indicator 5.5.2 can be downloaded here

Target 5.6

Ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights as agreed in accordance with the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development and the Beijing Platform for Action and the outcome documents of their review conferences

Indicator 5.6.1: Proportion of women aged 15-49 years who make their own informed decisions regarding sexual relations, contraceptive use and reproductive health care

Metadata for indicator 5.6.1 can be downloaded here

Indicator 5.6.2: Number of countries with laws and regulations that guarantee full and equal access to women and men aged 15 years and older to sexual and reproductive health care, information and education

Metadata for indicator 5.6.2 can be downloaded here

Target 5.A

Undertake reforms to give women equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to ownership and control over land and other forms of property, financial services, inheritance and natural resources, in accordance with national laws

Indicator 5.A.1: (a) Proportion of total agricultural population with ownership or secure rights over agricultural land, by sex; and (b) share of women among owners or rights-bearers of agricultural land, by type of tenure

Metadata for indicator 5.A.1 can be downloaded here

Indicator 5.A.2: Proportion of countries where the legal framework (including customary law) guarantees women’s equal rights to land ownership and/or control

Metadata for indicator 5.A.2 can be downloaded here

Target 5.B

Enhance the use of enabling technology, in particular information and communications technology, to promote the empowerment of women

Indicator5.B.1: Proportion of individuals who own a mobile telephone, by sex

Metadata for indicator 5.B.1 can be downloaded here

Target 5.C

Adopt and strengthen sound policies and enforceable legislation for the promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of all women and girls at all levels

Indicator 5.C.1: Proportion of countries with systems to track and make public allocations for gender equality and women’s empowerment

Metadata for indicator 5.C.1 can be downloaded here

Goal 5 Assessment

The Government of the FSM has prioritized 6 indicators to achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls(SDG Goal 5).The FSM Government has recognized the need to improve the status of women as evidenced by its actions in: Ratifying the International Convention on the Rights of the Child (1993); Adopting the Pacific Platform for Action on Women (1994); Adopting the Cairo Platform for Action on Population and Development (1994); Adopting the Global Platform for Action on Women (Beijing, 1995); Ratifying the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (2003); Adopting the Pacific Leaders Gender Equality Declaration (2012) and Endorsing the FSM Gender Policy in 2018.

  • The first FSM National Women’s Conference was held in 1992; the second in 1999; and a third in 2010. Outputs from the first and second women’s conferences influenced the agenda of the 2nd and 3rd FSM Economic Summits (1999 and 2003). The Gender Matrix adopted at the summits has been further refined and integrated into the SDP. The five goals of the matrix are
  • Goal 1: Enhance and promote the cultural, economic, legal, political and social status of women;
  • Goal 2: Enhance the leadership capacity and roles for women;
  • Goal 3: Mainstream gender Issues into decision-making, policies and strategic development plans;
  • Goal 4: Maximize women’s participation in democratic and development processes by creating opportunities for women’s active involvement;
  • Goal 5: Strengthen the institutional capacity of women’s programs in FSM.
  • The government and non-government women’s machinery work closely together to advocate for changes in policy and law. Other initiatives are in progress to address women’s political representation, domestic violence, and economic environment.
  • As is the case in many other Pacific island countries, the collection, compilation and management of gender statistics seems to be neglected, with this task being the responsibility of just one single dedicated gender officer. Her main task is to compile data collected elsewhere, with statistics collected in household surveys or available from the Micronesia Legal Service being the most prominent.
  • Some information is available from a 2014 Health & Safety Study but this was a one-off study and at this stage there is no plan to repeat the study. There is also some information from the 2010 census and HEIS but needs to be extracted. Collecting most of the data indicators requires specialized surveys which FSM does not have the capacity, either staff or finances, to undertake and thus will require outside assistance.
  • 5.2.1: Proportion of ever-partnered women and girls aged 15 years and older subjected to physical, sexual or psychological violence by a current or former intimate partner in the previous 12 months, by form of violence and by age Data is from the 2014 Family Health & Safety Study, unsure of next study as difficult to reproduce due to cost
  • 5.2.2: Proportion of women and girls aged 15 years and older subjected to sexual violence by persons other than an intimate partner in the previous 12 months, by age and place of occurrenceData is from the 2014 Family Health & Safety Study, unsure of next study as difficult to reproduce due to cost
  • 5.3.1: Proportion of women aged 20-24 years who were married or in a union before age 18 Census, gives marital status at time of census as a proxy for this indicator
  • 5.5.1: Proportion of seats held by women in national parliaments and local governments This has been minimal for voted seats in Congress & State legislatures
  • 5.5.2: Proportion of women in managerial positions Use public sector as a proxy
  • 5.b.1: Proportion of individuals who own a mobile telephone, by sex HIES data, not available by sex, by State in 2005, but needs to be extracted for 2013/14. Telecom can provide data on active Sim cards by sex
Progress on Goal 5
  • Available data shows that Intimate partner violence is still high in the FSM. In 2015, 24.1 percent of ever partnered women and girls aged 15 years and older had been subject to some form of physical, sexual or psychological violence by a current or former intimate partner in the previous 12 months. This is lower than the regional average for Oceania (excluding Australia and New Zealand) with up to 40 per cent of women aged 15-49 reporting having experienced this.
  • According to data available in 2015, 3 percent of women and girls aged 15 years and older had been subjected to sexual violence by persons other than an intimate partner in the previous 12 months. Kosrae and Chuuk experienced the highest forms of violence compared to Pohnpei and Yap.
  • FSM proposes to eliminate all harmful practises by prioritising the indicator on the proportion of women aged 20-24 years who were married or in a union before age 18
  • Women remain under represented in national particularly at congress with 0 percent representation and local government’s leadership in the FSM. Available data from the states show that women hold 4.3 percent of seats in Pohnpei, 2.6 percent in Chuuk and none in Kosrae and Yap.
  • Mobile telephone ownership differs across the states. According to available data from the states in 2005, the proportion of individuals that owned a telephone was only33.7 percent in Chuuk, 11.8 percent in Kosrae, 19.1 percent in Pohnpei and 33.7 percent in Yap. However there is lack of disaggregated data for telephone ownership.
GOAL 5 BaselineTrend201620172018201920202021202220232024202520262027202820292030
TARGETSINDICATORS2005-20092010-2015
5.2 5.2.1 Proportion of ever-partnered women and girls aged 15 years and older subjected to physical, sexual or psychological violence by a current or former intimate partner in the previous 12 months, by form of violence and by age FSMn.a.24.10%-n.a.n.a.n.a.
YAPn.a.15.10%-n.a.n.a.n.a.
CHUUKn.a.42.60%-n.a.n.a.n.a.
POHNPEIn.a.13.50%-n.a.n.a.n.a.
KOSRAEn.a.24.30%-n.a.n.a.n.a.
5.2 5.2.2 Proportion of women and girls aged 15 years and older subjected to sexual violence by persons other than an intimate partner in the previous 12 months, by age and place of occurrence FSMn.a.3.20%-n.a.n.a.n.a.
YAPn.a.0.00%-n.a.n.a.n.a.
CHUUKn.a.4.70%-n.a.n.a.n.a.
POHNPEIn.a.1.80%-n.a.n.a.n.a.
KOSRAEn.a.5.90%-n.a.n.a.n.a.
5.35.3.1 Proportion of women aged 20–24 years who were married or in a union before age 15 and before age 18 FSMn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
YAPn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
CHUUKn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
POHNPEIn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
KOSRAEn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
5.55.5.1 Proportion of seats held by women in (a) national parliaments and (b) local governmentsFSM0.00%0.00%n.a.n.a.n.a.
YAP0.00%0.00%n.a.n.a.n.a.
CHUUK2.6%0.00%n.a.n.a.n.a.
POHNPEI4.3%0.00%n.a.n.a.n.a.
KOSRAE0.00%0.00%n.a.n.a.n.a.
5.55.5.2 Proportion of women in managerial positionsFSMn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
YAPn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
CHUUKn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
POHNPEIn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
KOSRAEn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
5.B5.B.1 Proportion of individuals who own a mobile telephone, by sexFSMn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
YAPn.a.33.7-n.a.n.a.n.a.
CHUUKn.a.33.7-n.a.n.a.n.a.
POHNPEIn.a.19.1-n.a.n.a.n.a.
KOSRAEn.a.11.8-n.a.n.a.n.a.