Sustainable Development Goal 6

Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all

SDG 6 - Clean Water and Sanitation

Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all

The Government of the FSM has prioritized eight indicators related to safe drinking water, sanitation services, treatment of waste water, quality of water in water bodies, water stress levels and local community participation in water and sanitation management for sustainable management of water and sanitation for all (SDG Goal 6).

Target 6.1

By 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all

Indicator 6.1.1: Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services

Metadata for indicator 6.1.1 can be downloaded here

Target 6.2

By 2030, achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations

Indicator 6.2.1 :Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services, including a hand-washing facility with soap and water

Metadata for indicator 6.2.1 can be downloaded here

Target 6.3

By 2030, improve water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping and minimizing release of hazardous chemicals and materials, halving the proportion of untreated wastewater and substantially increasing recycling and safe reuse globally

Indicator 6.3.1: Proportion of wastewater safely treated

Metadata for indicator 6.3.1 can be downloaded here

Indicator 6.3.2: Proportion of bodies of water with good ambient water quality

Metadata for indicator 6.3.2 can be downloaded here

Target 6.4

By 2030, substantially increase water-use efficiency across all sectors and ensure sustainable withdrawals and supply of freshwater to address water scarcity and substantially reduce the number of people suffering from water scarcity

Indicator 6.4.1: Change in water-use efficiency over time

Metadata for indicator 6.4.1 can be downloaded here

Indicator 6.4.2: Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources

Metadata for indicator 6.4.2 can be downloaded here

Target 6.5

By 2030, implement integrated water resources management at all levels, including through transboundary cooperation as appropriate

Indicator 6.5.1: Degree of integrated water resources management implementation (0-100)

Metadata for indicator 6.5.1 can be downloaded here

Indicator 6.5.2: Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation

Metadata for indicator 6.5.2 can be downloaded here

Target 6.6

By 2020, protect and restore water-related ecosystems, including mountains, forests, wetlands, rivers, aquifers and lakes

Indicator 6.6.1: Change in the extent of water-related ecosystems over time

Metadata for indicator 6.6.1 can be downloaded here

Target 6.A

By 2030, expand international cooperation and capacity-building support to developing countries in water- and sanitation-related activities and programmes, including water harvesting, desalination, water efficiency, wastewater treatment, recycling and reuse technologies

Indicator 6.A.1: Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance that is part of a government-coordinated spending plan

Metadata for indicator 6.A.1 can be downloaded here

Target 6.B

Support and strengthen the participation of local communities in improving water and sanitation management

Indicator 6.B.1: Proportion of local administrative units with established and operational policies and procedures for participation of local communities in water and sanitation management

Metadata for indicator 6.B.1 can be downloaded here

Goal 6 Assessment

The Government of the FSM has prioritized eight indicators related to safe drinking water, sanitation services, treatment of waste water, quality of water in water bodies, water stress levels and local community participation in water and sanitation management for sustainable management of water and sanitation for all (SDG Goal 6).

  • Water accounting is relevant for water policy, tourism sector, public health, and reducing waste water. However, water information is spread across many national and state agencies. At the national level DECEM has a role on water management and at the State level water management is shared between the environment protection agency and the Department of Health. For SDG indicators, 3 are sourced from the HIES and thus will only be available every 5 years at a minimum while the other 2 indicators are likely to be based on incomplete data in the medium term.
  • Relevant SDP indicator targets for this SDG indicator include: 100 percent of FSM communities will have ample access to safe drinking water supplies by 2020; Fundamentals of PH achieved: clean water, sanitation and garbage disposal available to 100 percent of FSM people by 2020.
  • 6.1.1: Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services The data is available from HIES
  • 6.2.1: Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services, including a hand-washing facility with soap and water The data is available from HIES
  • 6.3.1: Proportion of wastewater safely treated Waste water is safely treated through the Water Division of each State Utility Corporation. Reference to table “Wastewater treatment services in the 4 states: (SBOC, FSM 2010)” in the Progress
  • 6.3.2: Proportion of bodies of water with good ambient water quality States EPA's regularly test water quality on the main islands, and status of water resources is displayed in public places. Limited testing on outer islands
  • 6.4.2: Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources This is an important issue for FSM, especially atolls in the outer islands, but limited data is collected. MCT works with States on watershed management
  • 6.5.1: Degree of integrated water resources management implementation (0-100)
  • 6.A.1: Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance that is part of a government-coordinated spending plan New ODA database captures this information. There are two projects in Chuuk and Kosrae and it worth $19 million for the planned expansion; however the project is still in planning stage.
  • 6.B.1: Proportion of local administrative units with established and operational policies and procedures for participation of local communities in water and sanitation management.There are six local water administrative Units in the FSM. (Refer to progress 6.b.1 table).
Progress on Goal 6
  • Overall, the population of FSM is using more safely managed drinking water services. In 2015, the Proportion of the population using safely managed drinking water services increased and this was experienced a cross all the states in the FSM.
    wdt_ID State Yap Chuuk Pohnpei Kosrae
    1 Households 2,311 7,024 6,289 1,143
    2 Sewer connections 12% 9% 17% 4%
    3 Septic tanks 31% 31% 35% 94%
    4 Not covered or unknown 57% 60% 48% 2%
  • 6.5.1 A MCT study of rivers and streams around Pohnpei demonstrated high levels of ecoli in the water making them unfit for human use, with the main Awak Village River declared one of the most severely contaminated. The primary source of pollution was 26 pigpens built nearby. Farmers in the area followed remediation recommendations by converting their pigpens to a dry-litter system designed to prevent pig waste entering the river system.
  • In 2016, 11 farmers benefitted from compost/natural fertilizers created from pigs’ wastes with increased crop yield, and profits from the sale of excess compost.
  • Community members incorporated an Awak Farmers’ Association to ensure that the project is community lead, self-sufficient and self-funded.
  • 6.b.1
  • Yap State (3): Yap State Public Service Corporation; Southern Yap Water Authority; Gagil Tomil Water Authority
  • Chuuk State (1): Chuuk Public Utility Corporation
  • Pohnpei State (1): Pohnpei Public Utility Corporation
  • Kosrae State (1): Kosrae Utility Authority
  • The use of safely managed sanitation services in the FSM has improved. The proportion of the population using safely managed sanitation services, including a hand washing facility with soap and water increased to 79.2 percent in 2015 up from 43.0 percent in 2005.
  • In 2015. The proportion of wastewater safely treated was 62.2 percent with Kosrae and Pohnpei having the highest safely treated wastewater.
GOAL 6 BaselineTrend201620172018201920202021202220232024202520262027202820292030
TARGETSINDICATORS2005-20092010-2015
6.1 6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services FSM57.088.5 n.a.n.a.n.a.
YAP61.099.4 n.a.n.a.n.a.
CHUUK31.082.1 n.a.n.a.n.a.
POHNPEI77.091.2 n.a.n.a.n.a.
KOSRAE90.092.4 n.a.n.a.n.a.
6.2 6.2.1 Proportion of population using (a) safely managed sanitation services and (b) a hand-washing facility with soap and waterFSM43.079.2 n.a.n.a.n.a.
YAPn.a.57.6-n.a.n.a.n.a.
CHUUKn.a.46.6-n.a.n.a.n.a.
POHNPEIn.a.61.9-n.a.n.a.n.a.
KOSRAEn.a.98.3-n.a.n.a.n.a.
6.36.3.1 Proportion of wastewater safely treated FSMn.a.62.2-n.a.n.a.n.a.
YAPn.a.51.1-n.a.n.a.n.a.
CHUUKn.a.52.4-n.a.n.a.n.a.
POHNPEIn.a.70.5-n.a.n.a.n.a.
KOSRAEn.a.98.6-n.a.n.a.n.a.
6.A 6.A.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance that is part of a government-coordinated spending plan FSMn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
YAPn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
CHUUKn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
POHNPEIn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
KOSRAEn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
6.B6.B.1 Proportion of local administrative units with established and operational policies and procedures for participation of local communities in water and sanitation managementFSMn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
YAPn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
CHUUKn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
POHNPEIn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
KOSRAEn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.