Sustainable Development Goal 7

Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all

SDG 7 - Affordable and Clean Energy

Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all

The Government of the FSM has prioritized four indicators related to access to electricity, clean fuels and technology, renewable energy and energy intensity to ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all (SDG Goal 7). The SDP identified several goals for energy under the Environment chapter with one directly related to energy accounts.

Target 7.1

By 2030, ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services

Indicator 7.1.1: Proportion of population with access to electricity

Metadata for indicator 7.1.1 can be downloaded here

Indicator 7.1.2: Proportion of population with primary reliance on clean fuels and technology

Metadata for indicator 7.1.2 can be downloaded here

Target 7.2

By 2030, increase substantially the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix

Indicator 7.2.1: Renewable energy share in the total final energy consumption

Metadata for indicator 7.2.1 can be downloaded here

Target 7.3

By 2030, double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency

Indicator 7.3.1: Energy intensity measured in terms of primary energy and GDPe

Metadata for indicator 7.3.1 can be downloaded here

Target 7.A

By 2030, enhance international cooperation to facilitate access to clean energy research and technology, including renewable energy, energy efficiency and advanced and cleaner fossil-fuel technology, and promote investment in energy infrastructure and clean energy technology

Indicator 7.A.1: International financial flows to developing countries in support of clean energy research and development and renewable energy production, including in hybrid systems

Metadata for indicator 7.A.1 can be downloaded here

Target 7.B

By 2030, expand infrastructure and upgrade technology for supplying modern and sustainable energy services for all in developing countries, in particular least developed countries, small island developing States and landlocked developing countries, in accordance with their respective programmes of support

Indicator 7.B.1: Investments in energy efficiency as a proportion of GDP and the amount of foreign direct investment in financial transfer for infrastructure and technology to sustainable development services

Metadata for indicator 7.B.1 can be downloaded here

Goal 7 Assessment

The Government of the FSM has prioritized four indicators related to access to electricity, clean fuels and technology, renewable energy and energy intensity to ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all (SDG Goal 7). The SDP identified several goals for energy under the Environment chapter with one directly related to energy accounts.

  • Strategic Goal 7 is to improve the environment and it states: reduce energy use and convert to renewable energy sources/ minimize emission of greenhouse gases. A range of related actions and targets are outlined in the Plan, including: Lessening energy demand via conservation strategies and use of more efficient energy using appliances; and Installation of alternative energy production technologies (i.e. renewable energy, e.g. solar and hydro-electricity). The FSM National Government’s National Energy Policy (2012) reinforces the SDP goals, and highlights the need for: Safe, reliable, cost-effective and sustainable energy supply; A diversified energy resource base; and environmentally sound and efficient use of energy. Two main forms of energy are supplied in the market economy of FSM are fossil fuels by FSM Petroleum Corporation and electricity by four State owned power utilities. The DR&D maintains minimal data on energy. On the other hand, FSM PetroCorp has excellent information on the use of fuel by fuel type, the cost of fuel and how much fuel is provided to the electricity sector versus the transport sector. The State Utilities also have good information on electricity production.
  • Practically all fossil fuel is imported by the FSM Petroleum Corporation (a small amount may be imported by fishing and marine transport vessels re-fuelling from tankers at sea). In addition, to fossil fuels and electricity, firewood and other vegetable matter (especially coconut husks) are also used as energy sources.
  • 7.1.1: Proportion of population with access to electricity Proportion of population with access to electricity is the percentage of population with access to electricity. The benchmark for this indicator is the 2013/14 Household Survey and on an annual basis this can be updated by the State Utilities supplying total number of household connections.
  • 7.1.2: Proportion of population with primary reliance on clean fuels and technology This information was collected in the 2013/14 HIES but unfortunately the indicator was not calculated. The data will need to be revisited to get a 2013/14 updated benchmark
  • 7.2.1: Renewable energy share in the total final energy consumption Energy policy 2012 is 30 percent renewable by 2020 and 50 percent efficiency improvement by 2020; State Utilities can provide renewable energy production as proportion of total consumption. Up to 2015 this was minimal, consisting on small amounts of solar on Yap and Chuuk outer islands, although there is currently a lack of reporting by Pohnpei State on the hydro power station. On an annual basis, the Energy Committee, which consists of National and State representatives will be monitoring this indicator and will report on it.
  • 7.3.1: Energy intensity measured in terms of primary energy and GDP This information is mostly available in terms of the energy account in the National Statistical Office NSO, acknowledging the lack of renewable energy data in the account which is minimal, but growing. However, it cannot be produced in terms of purchasing power parity but just as a simple percentage of GDP. Data is available for 2015 but the capacity of the NSO to update the energy account annually is an issue and may require technical assistance
  • The Report on the Experimental Energy Accounts for FSM was released by the Statistics Office in July 2017. The report contains physical and monetary accounts for the year 2015 for FSM and each of the four States. The accounts were developed using the System of Environmental-Economic Accounting – Central Framework (SEEA). Unfortunately, information on the generation and use of solar and hydro-electricity was not included in the energy account.
  • The energy accounts provide relevant data to track progress against priorities and targets contained in the national and international development agenda. By producing baseline data and adding additional year-on-year reference points, comparison of progress against set targets can be achieved. The energy account provides 2015 information for the SDG indicator however the NSO capacity to update this on an annual basis is yet to be tested.
  • At a technical level, several issues were identified within the data sources and improvements to these, as well greater understanding of energy supply and use by the NSO, are likely to lead to higher quality accounts.
  • Recommendations from the energy account report include: Data providers to supply information in machine-readable formats rather than PDF files; Energy suppliers to be encouraged to use ISIC for industry classifications and the sector classification of the system of national accounts; The references year for the national accounts is the financial year (1 October to 30 September), while the energy data is derived on the calendar year. With additional information and/or some assumptions these can be better aligned; Information on retail sales of fossil products is needed to split the amount supplied to households, government and corporations (industries); Data on fossil fuel inventories. No existing sources were identified; Data on the number of households using their own electric power sources (solar or generators). There is some limited information in the Household Income and Expenditure Survey but more is needed. Data on the amount of biogas, fuel wood and other vegetable matter (e.g. coconut husks) is needed to develop estimates of energy use from these sources. Much of this is assumed to be household production and consumption. Survey information from the Household Income and Expenditure Survey and the Agricultural Census will help with this task; and Closer coordination between NSO, relevant government departments and local experts will help ensure consistency between different information sources.
  • In addition to the energy accounts, additional accounts could be prepared to facilitate the examination of policy issues closely associated to energy policy. In particular, the energy accounts provide a platform for preparing greenhouse gas emissions accounts that may inform the monitoring of the Intended National Determined Contributions (INDCs).
  • The FSM is responsible for collecting and reporting on the indicators on an annual basis with the National Government relying on the State Utilities to collect and report on renewable energy production and consumption. It is likely that these indicators will become more important and be reflected as monitoring indicators of the Energy Master plans which are currently being drafted for each State.
Progress on Goal 7
  • The FSM has made progress in ensuring access to affordable, reliable and modern energy for all its citizens and in the states progress in electrification, and clean fuels and technology. However more needs to be done to achieve the targets set. Notably, there is limited data to measure progress on some of the indicators.
  • Proportion of population with access to electricity has increased in the FSM. It was estimated in the 2010 census that around 55 percent of households are connected to the electricity network. According to the 2010-2015, it is estimated that 76.4 percent of the population had access to electricity up from 60.8 percent in 2005-2009 (HIES).
  • Available data from 2005 indicates that the proportion of the population in the FSM with primary reliance on clean fuels and technology was at 10.8 percent. Notably, Yap recorded the highest population with primary reliance on clean fuels and technology followed by Pohnpei, Kosrae and Chuuk respectively.
  • Data on renewable energy share in the total final energy consumption was 1.2 percent according to data from the Asian Development Bank
  • According to the Experimental Energy Accounts for the Federated States of Micronesia (2017) Energy intensity measured in terms of primary energy and real GDP in 2015 was 35.6 percent in the FSM. Kosrae 59.1 percent and Yap 36.4 percent Pohnpei has 36.9 percent and Chuuk has 27.6 percent had the highest intensity followed by Pohnpei
GOAL 7Baseline Trend201620172018201920202021202220232024202520262027202820292030
TARGETSINDICATORS2005-20092010-2015
7.17.1.1 Proportion of population with access to electricityFSM60.876.4 n.a.n.a.n.a.
YAP65.081.5 n.a.n.a.n.a.
CHUUK35.961.9 n.a.n.a.n.a.
POHNPEI85.690.7 n.a.n.a.n.a.
KOSRAE86.196.4 n.a.n.a.n.a.
7.1.2 Proportion of population with primary reliance on clean fuels and technologyFSM10.8n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
YAP18.6n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
CHUUK4.3n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
POHNPEI15.6n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
KOSRAE7.8n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
7.27.2.1 Renewable energy share in the total final energy consumption FSM00 n.a.n.a.n.a.
YAP00 n.a.n.a.n.a.
CHUUK00.2 n.a.n.a.n.a.
POHNPEI00 n.a.n.a.n.a.
KOSRAE00 n.a.n.a.n.a.
7.37.3.1 Energy intensity measured in terms of primary energy and GDPFSMn.a.27.2-n.a.n.a.n.a.
YAPn.a.30-n.a.n.a.n.a.
CHUUKn.a.19.2-n.a.n.a.n.a.
POHNPEIn.a.28.6-n.a.n.a.n.a.
KOSRAEn.a.41.9-n.a.n.a.n.a.