Sustainable Development Goal 9

Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation

SDG 9 - Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure

Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation

The Government of the FSM has prioritized five indicators covering official international support to infrastructure, manufacturing value added and employment as well as mobile network coverage (SDG Goal 9) In 2015, the FSM Congress approved the updated Infrastructure Development Plan (IDP) 2016 – 2025. The Plan replaced the original IDP 2004 – 2023 and was developed in response to the need to provide overseas development partners with an update of the State and National governments’ infrastructure priorities. Accountability for implementing the Plan at State level ties with the Infrastructure Planning and Implementation Committees. An important improvement in this Plan is the establishment of a Project Management Office in each State, responsible to the Committee for the day-to-day planning and implementation of projects. However, this only deals with the reporting on projects and not on the impact on the economy of the infrastructure that has been constructed

Target 9.1

Develop quality, reliable, sustainable and resilient infrastructure, including regional and trans-border infrastructure, to support economic development and human well-being, with a focus on affordable and equitable access for all

Indicator 9.1.1: Proportion of the rural population who live within 2 km of an all-season road

Metadata for indicator 9.1.1 can be downloaded here

Indicator 9.1.2: Passenger and freight volumes, by mode of transport

Metadata for indicator 9.1.2 can be downloaded here

Target 9.2

Promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and, by 2030, significantly raise industry's share of employment and gross domestic product, in line with national circumstances, and double its share in least developed countries

Indicator 9.2.1: Manufacturing value added as a proportion of GDP and per capita

Metadata for indicator 9.2.1 can be downloaded here

Indicator 9.2.2: Manufacturing employment as a proportion of total employment

Metadata for indicator 9.2.2 can be downloaded here

Target 9.3

Increase the access of small-scale industrial and other enterprises, in particular in developing countries, to financial services, including affordable credit, and their integration into value chains and markets

Indicator 9.3.1: Proportion of small-scale industries in total industry value added

Metadata for indicator 9.3.1 can be downloaded here

Indicator 9.3.2: Proportion of small-scale industries with a loan or line of credit

Metadata for indicator 9.3.2 can be downloaded here

Target 9.4

By 2030, upgrade infrastructure and retrofit industries to make them sustainable, with increased resource-use efficiency and greater adoption of clean and environmentally sound technologies and industrial processes, with all countries taking action in accordance with their respective capabilities

Indicator 9.4.1: CO2 emission per unit of value added

Metadata for indicator 9.4.1 can be downloaded here

Target 9.5

Enhance scientific research, upgrade the technological capabilities of industrial sectors in all countries, in particular developing countries, including, by 2030, encouraging innovation and substantially increasing the number of research and development workers per 1 million people and public and private research and development spending

Indicator 9.5.1: Research and development expenditure as a proportion of GDP

Metadata for indicator 9.5.1 can be downloaded here

Indicator 9.5.2: Researchers (in full-time equivalent) per million inhabitants

Metadata for indicator 9.5.2 can be downloaded here

Target 9.A

Facilitate sustainable and resilient infrastructure development in developing countries through enhanced financial, technological and technical support to African countries, least developed countries, landlocked developing countries and small island developing States

Indicator 9.A.1: Total official international support (official development assistance plus other official flows) to infrastructure

Metadata for indicator 9.A.1 can be downloaded here

Target 9.B

Support domestic technology development, research and innovation in developing countries, including by ensuring a conducive policy environment for, inter alia, industrial diversification and value addition to commodities

Indicator 9.B.1: Proportion of medium and high-tech industry value added in total value added

Metadata for indicator 9.B.1 can be downloaded here

Target 9.C

Significantly increase access to information and communications technology and strive to provide universal and affordable access to the Internet in least developed countries by 2020

Indicator 9.C.1: Proportion of population covered by a mobile network, by technology

Metadata for indicator 9.C.1 can be downloaded here

Goal 9 Assessment

The Government of the FSM has prioritized five indicators covering official international support to infrastructure, manufacturing value added and employment as well as mobile network coverage (SDG Goal 9) In 2015, the FSM Congress approved the updated Infrastructure Development Plan (IDP) 2016 – 2025. The Plan replaced the original IDP 2004 – 2023 and was developed in response to the need to provide overseas development partners with an update of the State and National governments’ infrastructure priorities. Accountability for implementing the Plan at State level ties with the Infrastructure Planning and Implementation Committees. An important improvement in this Plan is the establishment of a Project Management Office in each State, responsible to the Committee for the day-to-day planning and implementation of projects. However, this only deals with the reporting on projects and not on the impact on the economy of the infrastructure that has been constructed

  • In the SDP Foreword, the President “particularly welcomed the inclusion of projects directly linked to climate change adaptation – these are important first steps to a mainstream infrastructure adaptation program in future Plans”.
  • A range of performance indicators that are influenced by the infrastructure in each sector (other than government administrative buildings) are included in Annex B of the Plan. The indicators cover aspects including accessibility, quality, efficiency, safety and affordability/financial sustainability.
  • PMO managers and IPICs are responsible to monitor ongoing infrastructure performance to identify and plan improvements to infrastructure performance and service delivery and changes in the IDP priority projects and priorities. The performance indicators are measured on an annual basis and reported by the National Government within 3 months of the end of the fiscal year.
  • 9.2.1: Manufacturing value added as a proportion of GDP and per capita This indicator is computed and available from the economic statistical Tables published by the NSO. The data is compiled annually from administrative data from Social security and DOFA
  • 9.2.2: Manufacturing employment as a proportion of total employment This indicator is computed and available from the economic statistical tables published by the NSO. The data is compiled annually from administrative data from Social security and DOFA
  • 9.4.1: CO2 emission per unit of value added Refer to the Second National Communication to UNFCCC
  • 9.A.1: Total official international support (official development assistance plus other official flows) to infrastructure Quality of data is an issue for projects that are funded directly by donors and don’t flow through FSM finance system, refer to official website of the Office of Overseas Development Assistance and Compact Management. Published annually by DoFA in the Economic and Fiscal Update
  • 9.C.1: Proportion of population covered by a mobile network, by technology Information is available directly from FSM Telecom
Progress on Goal 9
  • Manufacturing value added as a proportion of GDP 2016, was 1.528% and 2017 1.529%, a slight increase and per capita was 36.3% in2016 and 37.3% in 2017, also a slight increase.
  • Manufacturing employment as a proportion of total employment declined from 1.1 percent in 2016 to 1.08 percent in 2017
  • Manufacturing employment as a proportion of total employment has also remained the same in the FSM
  • In 2015, the total official international support (official development assistance plus other flows) to infrastructure was USD 51.4million.
  • Proportion of population covered by a mobile network, by technology. The proportion of cellular subscribers in the FSM more than doubled.
GOAL 9BaselineTrend201620172018201920202021202220232024202520262027202820292030
TARGETSINDICATORS2005-20092010-2015
9.29.2.1 Manufacturing value added as a proportion of GDP and per capita FSM0.60.4n.a.n.a.n.a.
YAP0.30.2n.a.n.a.n.a.
CHUUK0.20.2n.a.n.a.n.a.
POHNPEI0.50.5n.a.n.a.n.a.
KOSRAE1.41n.a.n.a.n.a.
9.29.2.2 Manufacturing employment as a proportion of total employment FSM0.70.7n.a.n.a.n.a.
YAP1.10.6n.a.n.a.n.a.
CHUUK0.30.7n.a.n.a.n.a.
POHNPEI0.60.8n.a.n.a.n.a.
KOSRAE2.32.1n.a.n.a.n.a.
9.49.4.1 CO2 emission per unit of value addedFSM3.8n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
YAPn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
CHUUKn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
POHNPEIn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
KOSRAEn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
9.A9.A.1 Total official international support (official development assistance plus other official flows) to infrastructureFSMn.a.51.4-n.a.n.a.n.a.
YAPn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
CHUUKn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
POHNPEIn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
KOSRAEn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
9.C9.C.1 Proportion of population covered by a mobile network, by technology FSMn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
YAPn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
CHUUKn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
POHNPEIn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
KOSRAEn.a.n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
9.C.1 Cellular subscribers (proxy) FSM21.345.8n.a.n.a.n.a.
YAP37.1n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
CHUUK11.3n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
POHNPEI3.1n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.
KOSRAE0.0n.a.-n.a.n.a.n.a.